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Independent Learning,  Individual Development

What Is A Career Coaching Model?

This article asks: What is a career coaching model? We look at the various types of career coaching model and how they can be of benefit to advancing a person’s career.

How career coaching models benefit a business

Many business leaders mistakenly believe that they can only focus on employee development once they have achieved great success. However, this approach puts the cart before the horse.

In order to achieve success like that of Google, it is important to have qualified, engaged, productive, and innovative employees.

One practical and cost-effective way for average companies to create strong leadership and talent development programs is to implement a career coaching model.

This model can help companies quickly and easily improve the skills and capabilities of their employees, leading to better performance and overall success.

Theory Behind Coaching Models

Coaching is a process that aims to improve an individual’s life by helping them develop inner confidence, pursue their career interests, or achieve other goals.

To do this, a coach works with the individual to identify their current situation and desired outcome, and then helps them explore options for achieving their goals.

What Is A Career Coaching Model?
What Is A Career Coaching Model?

Along the way, coaches may also help individuals identify potential roadblocks to success and develop an action plan to overcome them.

While different coaching models may have slightly different approaches, they all follow a similar process of setting goals, understanding the current situation, exploring options, and creating an action plan.

The key to effective coaching is to regularly review and adjust the action plan as needed to ensure progress towards the desired outcome.

Types of Coaching Models

There are various types of coaching models, each with a distinct approach and target client. One such model is organizational and business coaching, which focuses on the needs of an entire organization rather than just an individual’s goals.

This type of coaching can be delivered in a team coaching format and aims to identify business goals and develop strategies to help individuals and teams achieve them.

Some common coaching styles that fall under this category include the OSKAR/OSCAR model, STEPPA, and GROW coaching.

Other examples include action-centered leadership, entrepreneurial/innovation coaching, and transformational leadership.

Executive coaching is another subtype of coaching that is specifically geared towards addressing the challenges faced by executives.

One-to-one coaching is typically the most effective method for executive coaching, as it allows for a more personal and intimate approach.

Team coaching can also be beneficial for businesses, as it can help to increase productivity and drive among team members.

Leadership Development Coaching Models:

Leadership development coaching is a process that helps leaders achieve success by providing them with guidance and support in understanding their company’s mission and making difficult decisions.

This type of coaching also helps leaders improve their leadership and communication skills, which can benefit their organization as a whole.

Coaches can offer various opportunities for leaders to expand their skill sets and become more effective in their roles.

Executive Career Coaching Models:

With the Executive Career Coaching Model, clients are encouraged to set ambitious goals and work towards achieving them.

This model can be especially helpful for professionals looking to advance their careers.

Some specific techniques that may be used in this approach include:

  • Calendar-driven coaching, which focuses on setting and meeting deadlines;
  • Victim vs player coaching, which helps individuals take control of their careers and take on a proactive rather than reactive approach.
  • Event-driven coaching, which focuses on specific career-related events or milestones.

Overall, the Executive Career Coaching Model helps individuals to reach their full potential and achieve more than they may have thought possible.

Group and Team Coaching Models:

Group and team coaching is a coaching approach that focuses on helping organizations achieve their goals through the development of communication skills, leadership qualities, and team unity.

By building strong teamwork, coaches can increase productivity and motivation, ultimately leading to increased profits and revenue.

However, it is important to note that group and team coaching is not a personalized coaching strategy and may not be suitable for all organizations.

Some examples of group and team coaching strategies include high commitment and big ticket sales coaching, coaching for large or established companies, and peer coaching.

The GROW Coaching Model:

The GROW Coaching Model is a popular approach for setting goals, improving performance, and coaching that was developed by Sir John Whitmore and colleagues in the 1980s.
It involves four steps:

Establishing the goal

To establish the goal, it’s important to define a motivating and inspiring goal that will drive success, whether it’s related to a behavior change or an aspiration to be reached.

Examining reality

To examine the reality, it’s important to understand the current situation of the client and identify any barriers that may be causing issues, as well as recognize any strengths, qualities, and resources that could help.

Exploring options

To explore the options, it’s important to consider different possibilities for moving forward and challenge the client with creative coaching questions.

Establishing the will

To establish the will, it’s important to agree on the actions, timing, accountability, and reporting that the client will commit to.

Instructional coaching models:

Instructional coaching models are designed to facilitate teacher professional development and promote accelerated learning in students, particularly those at risk of falling behind.

They focus on five key areas: content focus, active learning, coherence, sustained duration, and collective participation. Content focus involves using activities to help students learn the subject matter.

Active learning involves implementing approaches that promote observation and feedback rather than passive listening.

Coherence involves ensuring consistency and coherence around the school’s goals, content, and activities, in line with district and state guidance.

Sustained duration involves providing ongoing professional development to teachers. Collective participation involves creating interactive learning communities that group teachers by grade, subject, or school.

Directive Coaching Models:

Coaching models can be classified as either directive or non-directive based on the level of guidance and direction provided by the coach.

Directive coaching models involve the coach using their expertise and knowledge in a specific context to set goals and provide feedback to the individual or group being coached.

This may be particularly relevant when working with athletes, where a coach may have a background in sports, training, and competition.

On the other hand, non-directive coaching models focus on creating a reflective and problem-solving environment, with the individual or group being coached taking the lead in setting their own agenda and finding their own path to success.

Non-directive coaching can be effective in helping clients develop confidence and decision-making skills, and in overcoming challenges.

The Peer Coaching Model:

According to psychologist Albert Bandura, observing others can be an effective way to modify an individual’s behavior.

He believed that seeing our peers (such as friends, family, and colleagues) perform a certain act can increase our confidence in our own ability to do the same thing, a concept known as self-efficacy.

This idea can be applied in coaching by using role models or peer coaching to help clients increase their self-belief.

As a coach, it is important to model the desired behavior for clients, including using inclusive language, avoiding bias, being open and friendly, and showing warmth.


We hope this article was able to answer your questions about: What is a career coaching model?

If you want to discover more information about career coaching, follow the link to our other pages on this topic.

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